How does Bandura deal with internal cognitive, or thought, processes, and with the unconscious (provide at least 2 examples).
How do we base our judgment about our own level of efficacy?
Do not use any outside sources and here is an example on how to write this.
According to Bandura, observational learning can be influenced by our cognitive processes. This means that a person’s takeaway from a situation that they observe can vary based on their cognitive state or internal thoughts. Morals can also influence how a person might learn observationally. We can learn based on the consequences that we can observe, whether those are observed physically or imagined. This contrasts from Skinner because Skinner believed that there was a direct relationship between the behavior and the inforcer. Bandura believed that our thoughts and cognitive processes can act in between these two things as a control center.
One example of our observational learning is the production process, which happens when a person takes images of something, or a verbal walk-through of how something works, and then putting those processes into action. Jenny has always wanted to play basketball, but she has never played before. She meets up with her friend Rose, who has been playing for 10 years. Rose explains how to shoot a basket correctly, and then Jenny tries to shoot a basket. Rose then gives her feedback on how to improve, and Jenny practices with Rose until she correctly shoots the basketball into the hoop. With the help of Rose, Jenny is able to put the verbal explanation of how to shoot a basketball into action.
Another example is the attentional process, which is when a person works on strengthening their cognitive skills by paying attention to a subject. Addie wants to be an actress when she grows up, and she is looking at applying to theatre programs in college. In order to strengthen her acting skills, she goes and sees as many plays as she can. She goes to one play per week and simply watches them without taking notes. She just enjoys the productions that she sees, and it will help her cognition improve.
Our feeling of self-efficacy develops throughout our lifespans. In general, it is our own personal feeling of self-worth or knowing that we are doing our best in life. People who have low self-efficacy tend to feel like they have no control, and they feel lost. However, people with a strong sense of self-efficacy have confidence in their ability to navigate life. Our judgment can be based on a variety of things, one of those things being vicarious experiences. When we see other people thriving, we believe that we can do it. We rise when we see others rise, and everyone helps bring each other up; this is basically what vicarious experiences are. By watching others’ self-efficacy improve, we tend to improve our own, as well.